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This Day in History - August 30

August 30

1617 – Rosa de Lima of Peru becomes the first American saint to be canonized

1721 – The Second Northern War between Sweden and Russia is ended with the Peace of Nystad

1776 – During the American Revolution, General George Washington rejects British General William Howe’s second letter of reconciliation

1781 – The French arrive in the Chesapeake Bay to aid the American Revolution

1797 – Novelist, Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, is born

1813 – Over 500 whites are murdered at Fort Mims, Alabama by Creek Indians

1861 – Martial law is declared in Missouri by Union General John Fremont who makes his own emancipation proclamation to free the slaves but is overruled by President Lincoln

1862 – During the Civil War, one of the most lopsided engagements takes place when Confederates rout a Union army at Richmond, Kentucky, 19,000 troops to 6,500

1871 – Physicist who discovered and named alpha, beta and gamma radiation, and the first to achieve a man-made nuclear reaction, Ernest Rutherford, is born

1879 – American General, John Bell Hood, dies

1880 – A chief of the Cibecue Apache tribe, Diablo, is killed during a battle with the White Mountain Apache in the Old West

1892 – A passenger ship arriving from Germany, The Moravia, brings cholera to the US

1893 – Louisiana politician who served as governor and US senator known as “The Kingfish,” Huey P. Long, is born

1904 – Philosopher and author, Henry James, returns to the US for a visit after living abroad for twenty years

1918 – Hall of Fame outfielder for the Boston Red Sox, Ted Williams, is born

1918 – Soviet leader Vladimir Lenin is shot by Fanya Kaplan, a member of the Social Revolutionary party. Lenin was badly injured by survived. The attack set off fighting between the Bolsheviks and the Soviet Revolutionaries, as well as others, and thousands were executed as a result

1918 – During World War I, the Belfort Ruse took place when Colonel Arthur L. Conger of the American Expeditionary Force plants a copy of a false operational order for an impending Allied attack in a wastebasket to be found by a German agent

1919 – The first female singer to top the country Music charts in the US, Kitty Wells, is born

1930 – Business mogul and one of the world’s wealthiest people, Warren Buffett, is born

1931 – 1st black mayor of a major US city, Hartford, CT, Carrie Saxon Perry, is born

1932 – Hermann Goering, a Nazi leader, is elected president of the Reichstag

1943 – Satiric cartoonist, Robert Crumb, is born

1943 – American/Israeli basketball player, Tal Brody, is born

1944 – American political humorist and newspaper columnist, Molly Ivins, is born

1944 – Ploesti, the center of Romanian oil, falls to the Soviets

1945 – During World War II, General Douglas MacArthur arrives in Japan to oversee the formal surrender ceremony and organize the postwar Japanese government

1954 – 1st President of Belarus, Alexander Lukashenko, is born

1956 – TV broadcaster, Jayne Irving, is born

1958 – Ukrainian journalist, writer, and human rights advocate, Anna Politkovskaya, is born

1960 – Leader of the Lebanese political-paramilitary group Hezbollah, Hassan Nasrallah, is born

1960 – The US Army Master Sergeant who receives posthumous Medal of Honor for actions in the Battle of Mogadishu, Somalia, Gary Gordon, is born

1961 – General Lucius D. Clay is appointed by President John F. Kennedy to be his personal representative in Berlin

1963 – A hot line communications link is installed between Moscow and Washington, D.C.

1964 – Mechanical engineer and chief designer of the Williams Formula One racing team, Gavin Fisher, is born

1965 – Casey Stengel, New York Mets manager, announces his retirement

1966 – During the Vietnam War, Hanoi Radio announces that Deputy Premier Le Thanh Nghi has signed an agreement with Peking whereby the People’s Republic of China will provide economic and technical aid to North Vietnam

1967 – Thurgood Marshall is confirmed by the US Senate as the first African American Supreme Court justice

1969 – Ho Chi Minh’s reply to President Nixon’s letter is received in Paris. Ho chastised Americans by accusing the US of a “war of aggression” against the Vietnamese people during the Vietnam War

1970 – Fifty-five civilians were killed, and 140 more wounded when Communist forces attack polling places, district towns and the provincial capital during South Vietnamese Senate elections

1972 – Model and award-winning actress, Cameron Diaz, is born

1974 – A train derails as it enters Zagreb, Yugoslavia, killing 153 people. It was the worst rail accident in the country’s history to date and one of the worst in the history of Europe

1976 – Tom Brokaw becomes the Today Show’s news anchor

1979 – The Howard-Koomur-Michels comet becomes the first to be recorded hitting the sun. It released enough energy to equal approximately 1 million hydrogen bombs

1980 – Christopher Cross’ “Sailing” becomes a #1 hit

1982 – American tennis player, Andy Roddick, is born

1982 – The leader of the Palestinian Liberation Organization, Yasser Arafat, is forced out of Lebanon after ten years in Beirut during Lebanese Civil War

1983 – Lieutenant Colonel Guion S. Bluford Jr. becomes the first African-American astronaut to travel in space

1986 – US News World Report journalist, Nicholas Daniloff, is arrested by the KGB on the charge of spying and held for 13 days

1983 – The Eiffel Tower welcomes its 150 millionth visitor, 33-year old Jacqueline Martinez from Paris

1989 – Cynthia Coffman and James Marlow are sentenced to death in San Bernadino, California for the death of Corinna Novis, who was abducted from an ATM. Coffman became the first woman to receive a death sentence in California since capital punishment was reinstated in 1977

2003 – Actor, Charles Bronson, dies

2004 – American motorcycle rider and builder, Indian Larry, dies

2006 – The California Senate passes the Global Warming Solutions Act, placing caps on carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gasses, including those found in auto emissions

2013 – Nobel Prize-winning poet and playwright, Seamus Heaney, dies

2015 – British and American neurologist and author, Oliver Sacks, dies

 


Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.


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