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This Day in History - November 7

November 7

644 – Islamic Caliph, Umar, dies

1665 – The oldest surviving journal, the London Gazette, is published for the first time

1776 – Congress chooses Richard Bache to succeed his father-in-law, Benjamin Franklin, as postmaster general

1811 – Governor of Indiana Territory, William Henry Harrison, defeats a conspiracy against the US government started by Tecumseh, Shawnee chief, at the Battle of the Wabash (or Tippecanoe) when Tecumseh is absent

1814 – The Spanish are defeated and the British drove out of Pensacola, Florida by Andrew Jackson

1846 – Mexican War hero, Zachary Taylor, is elected president

1861 – Union forces led by Ulysses S. Grant launch an unsuccessful raid on Belmont, Missouri

1867 – French chemist who discovered radium and researched radioactivity, Marie Curie is born

1876 – Rutherford B. Hayes is elected as the 19th president of the US

1881 – Wyatt Earp and Doc Holliday are jailed for their participation in Tombstone, Arizona’s famous gunfight at the O.K. Corral

1885 – At a remote spot called Craigellachie in the mountains of British Columbia, Canada’s first transcontinental railway is completed

1888 – Nobel Prize-wining physicist, CV Raman, is born

1900 – Head of the Nazi SS and organizer of extermination camps in Eastern Europe, Heinrich Himmler is born

1913 – French philosopher, novelist, and dramatist, Albert Camus, is born

1913 – Welsh and English geographer, biologist, and explorer, Alfred Russel Wallace, dies

1914 – The first issue of a new weekly magazine, The New Republic, is published in the United States

1916 – President Woodrow Wilson is re-elected, although this will not be known until November 8th as the results were so close that each vote had to be counted

1916 – The first congresswoman, Jeannette Rankin, Republican from Montana, is elected

1917 – During the Third Battle of Gaza, British General Sir Edmund Allenby breaks the Turkish defensive line

1917 – The Bolsheviks take power in Russia

1918 – Evangelist, Billy Graham, is born

1921 – Benito Mussolini declares himself the leader of the National Fascist Party in Italy

1926 – Opera singer, Joan Sutherland, is born

1928 – Biologist, Norton David Zinder, is born

1929 – Danish writer, poet, and jazz musician, Benny Andersen, is born

1940 – Tacoma Bridge in Washington State collapses due to high winds

1943 – British troops launch an offensive along the coast of Burma

1943 – Singer and songwriter, Joni Mitchell, is born

1944 – President Franklin Roosevelt is elected to a record fourth term

1944 – Richard Sorge, a half-Russian, half-German Soviet spy, who had used the cover of a German journalist to report on Germany and Japan for the Soviet Union, is hanged by his Japanese captors

1950 – First female black neurosurgeon, Alexa Canady, is born

1952 – American military officer and director of CIA, David Petraeus, is born

1956 – UN General Assembly calls for France, the UK, and Israel to immediately withdraw their troops from Egypt

1957 – The final report from a special committee called by President Dwight D. Eisenhower to review the nation’s defense readiness, says that the United States is falling far behind the Soviets in missile capabilities, and urges a campaign to build fallout shelters to protect Americans

1962 – 34th First Lady of the US, Eleanor Roosevelt, dies

1964 – The latest U.S. intelligence analysis claims that Communist forces in South Vietnam now include about 30,000 professional full-time soldiers, many of whom are North Vietnamese

1966 – Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara visits Harvard University to address a small group of students. As he left a dormitory, about 100 demonstrators shouted at him and demanded a debate. When McNamara tried to speak, supporters of the Students for a Democratic Society shouted him down. McNamara then attempted to leave, but 25 demonstrators crowded around his car until police intervened and escorted him from campus

1967 – Carl B. Stokes becomes the first black American elected mayor of a major American city – Cleveland, Ohio

1967 – President Lyndon Johnson signs a bill establishing the Corporation for Public Broadcasting

1971 – Musician and guitarist, Robin Finck, is born

1972 – President Richard Nixon is re-elected

1973 – Congress overrides President Richard Nixon’s veto of the War Powers Resolution that limited presidential power to wage war without congressional approval

1975 – In Bangladesh, an uprising occurs freeing Major General Ziaur Rahman, future president of the country from house arrest, and kills Brigadier General Khaled Mosharraf

1980 – Actor, Steve McQueen, dies

1983 – A group called the Armed Resistance Unit explodes a bomb in the US Capitol’s Senate Chambers area, causing $250,000 in damages but no injuries or deaths. The group claimed the bomb was in retaliation for US military involvement in Grenada and Lebanon

1983 – David Hendricks, a businessman who was out of town in Wisconsin, calls police in Bloomington, Illinois, to ask that they check on his deeply religious family, who belonged to a puritan-like group called the Plymouth Brethren, because no one had answered the phone all weekend and he was worried. When the police searched the home the next day, they found the mutilated bodies of Hendricks’ wife and three children, all of whom had been hacked to death with an ax and butcher knife. Hendricks was later sentenced to life in prison for the murders, despite having an alibi that checked out due to the timeline he offered the police and the stomach contents of his family not matching up with it

1989 – The first elected black American governor, Douglas Wilder, wins Virginia’s gubernatorial election

1989 – Former Manhattan borough president David Dinkins, a Democrat, is elected New York City’s first black mayor

1990 – Mary Robinson becomes the first woman elected president of the Republic of Ireland

1991 – Basketball legend Magic Johnson announces his sudden retirement from the Los Angeles, Lakers because he has tested positive for HIV

1994 – The world’s first internet radio broadcast takes place from WXYC, the student radio station of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

2000 – Hilary Rodham Clinton becomes the first First Lady to be elected to public office when she wins a US Senate seat

2000 – Election Day ends in the US with the winner between presidential candidates George W. Bush and Al Gore still undecided

2011 – American boxer, Joe Frazier, dies

 


Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.


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