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This Day in History - September 13

September 13

1515 – In Marignano, northern Italy, King Francis of France defeats the Swiss army under Cardinal Matthaus Schiner

1549 – The first session of the Council of Bologna is closed by Pope Paul III

1564 – Right before attacking Pedro Menedez’s Spanish settlement at Saint Augustine, Florida, Jean Ribault’s French fleet is dispersed by a devastating storm

1598 – Philip II of Spain dies

1759 – The French are defeated by the British on the Plains of Abraham in Quebec during the Seven Years War

1774 – Anne Robert Turgot, the new controller of finances, urges the Louis XVI, king of France to restore the free circulation of grain throughout the kingdom

1782 – French and Spanish forces attack the British fortress at Gibraltar

1788 – The Constitutional Convention authorizes the first federal election resolving that electors in all states will be appointed on January 7, 1789

1789 – Guardsmen in Orleans, France, kill 90 people when they open fire on rioters trying to lot bakeries

1806 – First foreign secretary of the UK and a supporter of American independence, Charles James Fox dies

1814 – Francis Scott Key writes out a poem that will later be set to music and become America’s national anthem, “The Star-Spangled Banner.”

1819 – German composer and pianist, Clara Schumann, is born

1847 – General Winfield Scott takes Chapultepec, removing the last obstacle preventing US troops moving on Mexico City during times of the Old West

1847 – Founder of Hershey, Milton Hershey, is born

1851 – U.S. Army doctor that discovered a cure for yellow fever, Walter Reed, is born

1860 – John J. Pershing, “Black Jack” who led campaign against Pancho Villa in Mexico and commanded the American Expeditionary Force in France during World War I, is born

1862 – During the Civil War, Union troops in Frederick, Maryland, discover General Robert E. Lee’s attack plans for the invasion of Maryland wrapped around a pack of cigars. General George B. McClellan sends the Army of the Potomac to confront Lee, but after a half day delay, squandering an opportunity

1863 – Loudon County Rangers route a company of Confederate cavalry at Catoctin Mountain in Virginia during the Civil War

1863 – German naval commander at the Battle of Jutland in World War I, Franz von Hipper, is born

1886 – Writer and first black Rhodes scholar, Alain Locke, is born

1894 – British novelist and playwright, John B. Priestley, is born

1903 – Oscar-winning actress, Claudette Colbert, is born

1905 – The U.S. sends warships to Nicaragua on behalf of American William Albers who was accused of evading tobacco taxes

1911 – Musician, Bill Monroe, is born

1911 – Writer, Roald Dahl, is born

1914 – During World War I, former British diplomat Sir Roger Casement secretly meets with Franz von Papen of Germany, to seek Germany’s support in an effort to win independence from British rule for Ireland. He is unsuccessful and will later be caught and executed for treason by the British, although regarded as a hero of Irish nationalism

1916 – English author, pilot, and screenwriter, Roald Dahl, is born

1918 – U.S. and French troops take St. Mihiel, America’s first action as a standing army during World War I

1922 – Blues singer, Tony “Charles” Brown, is born

1925 – Jazz singer, musician, arranger, and composer, Melvin “Mel” Torme, is born

1926 – Economist and first black to serve as governor of the Federal Reserve System, Andrew Brimmer is born

1936 – 17-year old Cleveland Indians pitcher “Rapid” Robert Feller, strikes out 17 batters in a game setting a new American League record

1938 – Journalist and author, Judith Martin, is born

1940 – Mussolini’s Italian troops finally cross the Libyan border into Egypt during World War II

1943 – Chiang Kai-Shek becomes president of China

1944 – Singer, songwriter, musician, producer, Peter Cetera, is born

1945 – Iran demands the withdrawal of Allied forces during the Vietnam War

1945 – During the Vietnam War, in accordance with the Potsdam Agreements, 5,000 British troops arrive in southern Indochina to disarm defeated Japanese forces

1948 – Singer and actress, Nell Carter, is born

1951 – U.S. Army troops begin the assault on Heartbreak Ridge in Korea, which will result in the deaths of 3,700 people

1961 – An unmanned Mercury capsule is sent into orbit and then recovered by NASA in a test

1964 – South Vietnamese army officers attempt and fail to overthrow General Nguyen Khan’s government in Saigon during the Vietnam War

1967 – Gold medal-winning Olympic sprinter, Michael Johnson, is born

1968 – The largest sustained operation inside the Demilitarized Zone, or DMZ, opens when U.S. and South Vietnamese infantry and armored troops, with full support of naval ships, artillery and planes, move into the buffer zone to relieve enemy pressure on Allied bases along a stretch of South Vietnam’s northern frontier during the Vietnam War

1969 – Australian cricket player, Shane Warne, is born

1971 – The four-day riot at Attica Prison comes to an end when law enforcement officials open fire, killing 29 inmates and ten hostages, and injuring more. This incident was the bloodiest prison riot in U.S. history

1971 – Vice Premier of the People’s Republic of China, Lin Biao, dies

1973 – Indian actress and model, Mahima Chaudhry, is born

1976 – The U.S. announces it will veto Vietnam’s UN bid

1976 – A book written by two Brookings Institution scholars declares the threat of war with Russia remains high and that the Soviet Union still poses the greatest danger to the security of the U.S.

1977 – English and Polish conductor, Leopold Stokowski, dies

1980 – Actor, Ben Savage, is born

1981 – Canadian wrestler, Angelina Love, is born

1988 – Hurricane Gilbert becomes the strongest hurricane ever recorded in the Western Hemisphere as based on barometric pressure. The record will be broken by Hurricane Wilma in 2005

1989 – Hurricane Hugo heads toward the Leeward Islands, going on to kill 75 people from the island of Guadeloupe to South Carolina

1989 – German soccer player, Thomas Muller, is born

1990 – Law & Order premiers and will go on to be the longest-running primetime drama in television history

1993 – Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO chairman Yasser Arafat sign the Oslo Accords at the White House, granting limited Palestinian autonomy

1996 – Hip hop star Tupac Shakur dies of gunshot wounds

1998 – One of the most controversial politicians in U.S. history, George Wallace, dies. George Wallace was both an enemy of rights for blacks and a friend during his terms as Alabama governor

2007 – UN adopts non-binding Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples

2008 – Five bombings occur in crowded locations of Delhi, India, killing at least 30 and injuring over 100

2008 – Hurricane Ike makes landfall in Texas after leaving Cuba

 


Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.


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