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This Day in History - December 9

December 9

536 – Byzantine General Belisarius captures Rome

1212 – Frederick II is crowned King of Germany

1437 – Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor, dies

1608 – British writer and poet John Milton is born

1775 – Patriots defeat a mix of redcoats and slaves serving under John Murray, Earl of Dunmore and governor of Virginia, at Great Bridge outside Norfolk, ending British royal control over Virginia

1809 – Commander of the Texas troops during the Battle of the Alamo, William Barret Travis, is born

1835 – The Texas army captures San Antonio

1848 – Writer Joel Chandler Harris is born

1854 – Alfred Lord Tennyson’s poem, “The Charge of the Light Brigade,” is published by The Examiner

1861 – The US Senate approves the establishment of the Joint Committee on the Conduct of War

1863 – Major General John Foster replaces Major General Ambrose Burnside as Commander of the Department of Ohio

1867 – Colorado Territory’s capital is moved from Golden to Denver

1872 – P.B.S. Pinchback becomes the first black governor of Louisiana

1893 – A French anarchist, Auguste Vaillant bombs the French Chamber of Deputies

1895 – Spanish politician, Dolores Ibarruri is born

1899 – Illustrator and author, Jean de Brunhoff is born

1900 – The Russian czar rejects Boer Paul Kruger’s pleas for aid in South Africa against the British

1906 – Mathematician and computer pioneer, Grace Hopper is born

1908 – A child labor bill passes in the German Reichstag, forbidding work for children under age 13

1912 – Speaker of the House of Representatives, Thomas P. “Tip” O’Neill, is born

1917 – The new Finnish Republic demands the withdrawal of Russian troops

1917 – Jerusalem surrenders to the encroaching British troops

1918 – American actor, Kirk Douglas is born

1919 – Nobel Prize-winning chemist, William Lipscomb, is born

1922 – Comedian and actor, Redd Foxx aka John Sanford, is born

1926 – Nobel Prize winner, Henry Kendall is born

1928 – Actor Dick Van Patten is born

1929 – Actor, director, and screenwriter, John Cassavetes is born

1932 – Singer/ songwriter Billy Edd Wheeler is born

1934 – Actress Judi Dench is born

1940 – The British army seizes 1,000 Italians in Egypt

1941 – Franklin Roosevelt warns Americans that the war might take a long time

1941 – Russian author, poet, and philosopher, Dmitry Merezhkovsky dies

1941 – China declares war on Germany, Italy, and Japan

1942 – Pro Football Hall of Fame football player, Dick Butkus is born

1948 – The US abandons its plan to de-concentrate industry in Japan

1949 – The UN becomes trustee over Jerusalem

1950 – President Harry Truman bans US exports to Communist China

1950 – Harry Gold receives 30 years in prison for passing atomic bomb secrets to the Soviet Union during World War II

1953 – Actor, director, and fashion designer, John Malkovich is born

1955 – Sugar Ray Robinson knocks out Carl Olson to regain the world middleweight boxing title

1958 – Robert H.W. Welch, Jr. establishes the John Birch Society, a right-wing organization that fights the infiltration of communism into American society

1960 – The Laos government flees to Cambodia as the capital city of Vientiane is engulfed in war

1960 – The longest running TV soap opera, the British “Coronation Street” airs

1961 – The Republic of Tanganyika gains independence, although short-lived

1963 – Crown Princess of Japan, Masako, is born

1965 – The New York Times prints an article claiming that the US bombing campaign in Vietnam hasn’t destabilized North Vietnam’s economy or particularly reduced their forces flowing into South Vietnam

1965 – “A Charlie Brown Christmas” premiered

1965 – The Cincinnati Reds trade outfielder Frank Robinson to the Baltimore Orioles, in exchange for the pitchers Milt Pappas and Jack Baldschun and outfielder Dick Simpson. This trade is regarded by many, to be the worst in MLB history

1967 – President Lyndon Johnson and his wife Lady Bird, gave an interview to CBS in which they discuss their daughters very candidly, and the same day, their daughter Lynda was married at the White House

1968 – American actor and wrestler, Kurt Angle is born

1968 – NLS, a system which hypertext and the computer mouse were developed, is demonstrated for the first time in San Francisco

1971 – The Paris peace talks break down where neither side is interested in setting another meeting date

1979 – The World Health Organization officially certifies that after a concentrated vaccination campaign, smallpox has been eradicated

1979 – American Archbishop Fulton J. Sheen dies

1981 – Philadelphia police officer Daniel Faulkner is found dead and Mumia Abu-Jamal, a freelance journalist and activist, is convicted of his murder and sentenced to death. The trial was heavily scrutinized and caused much controversy because Jamal had been critically wounded in the struggle with officer Faulkner and unable to attend much of his own trial, the jury was mostly made up of whites and several other factors, which led to a considerable amount of public support for his release, despite most people feeling he was guilty. Several police organizations, Faulkner’s widow, and the New Jersey Governor protested against a “Free Mumia” concert featuring Rage Against the Machine

1983 – Al Pacino stars in Scarface

1987 – The Palestinian intifada or “shaking off” officially begins on the Gaza Strip, while violence towards Jews had been steadily escalating for months

1990 – Lech Walesa is elected president of Poland

1992 – Operation Restore Hope, where US Marines land in Somalia to oversee aid reaching the deprived areas, begins

1992 – The separation of Charles, Prince of Wales and his wife, Princess Diana, is announced by British Prime Minister John Major

1993 – US astronauts complete repair work on the Hubble Space Telescope

1996 – Archaeologist and anthropologist, Mary Leakey dies

1998 – American boxer, Archie Moore dies

2003 – Unreasonably low temperatures in Tehran, Iran, kill at least forty people

2008 – Governor of Illinois, Rod Blagojevich, is arrested on federal charge including an attempt to sell the US Senate seat being vacated by President-elect Barack Obama

2012 – English astronomer and TV host, Patrick Moore dies

 


Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.


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