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This Day in History - September 24

September 24

622 – The prophet Muhammad completes his Hegira, or “flight” from Mecca to Medina to escape persecution, which will later mark the beginning of the Muslim calendar

1180 – Byzantine emperor, Manuel I Komnenos, dies

1435 – Isabeau of Bavaria dies

1501 – Mathematician and author, Gerolamo Cardano, is born

1621 – Polish military commander, Jan Karol Chodkiewicz, dies

1714 – Burmese King, Alaungpaya, is born

1717 – Author, Horace Walpole, is born

1755 – Fourth chief justice of the Supreme Court and US Secretary of State, John Marshall is born

1776 – During the Revolutionary War, the Continental Congress prepares instructions for the agents appointed to negotiate a treaty between the US and France

1788 – The French Parliament of Paris reassembles in triumph after having been dissolved

1789 – Congress passes the Judiciary Act of 1789, establishing a strong federal court system with the powers it needs to ensure the supremacy of the Constitution and federal law. The new Supreme Court will have a chief justice and five associate justices

1827 – Union General, Henry Slocum, is born

1834 – Pedro I of Brazil dies

1842 – Branwell Bronte, the brother of the Bronte sisters and the model for Hindley Earnshaw in Emily’s novel Wuthering Heights, dies of tuberculosis. Emily and Anne die the same year

1862 – President Abraham Lincoln suspends the writ of habeas corpus against anyone suspected of being a Southern sympathizer

1870 – French engineer and inventor of the neon light, George Claude, is born

1890 – Mormon leaders reluctantly issue the “Mormon Manifesto” in which they command all Latter-day Saints to uphold the anti-polygamy laws of the nation

1894 – The first black president of the American Sociological Society, E. Franklin Frazier, is born

1896 – Novelist Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald is born

1904 – A head-on train collision in Tennessee kills 62 and injures 120

1911 – President of the Soviet Union in the 80’s, Konstantin Chernenko, is born

1914 – In the Alsace-Lorraine area between France and Germany, the German Army captures St. Mihiel during World War I

1915 – Bulgaria mobilizes its troops on the Serbian border during World War I

1918 – During World War I, the government of Bulgaria issues an official statement announcing it had sent a delegation to seek a ceasefire with the Allied powers that would end their participation in the war

1929 – US Army pilot James Doolittle completes the first flight using only instruments

1930 – Private Lives, a comedy starring Gertrude Lawrence and its creator Noel Coward opens in London

1936 – Puppeteer who created the “Muppets,” Jim Henson, is born

1941 – During World War II, the Japanese consul in Hawaii is instructed to divide Pearl Harbor into five zones and calculate the number of battleships in each zone, then report the findings back to Japan

1941 – Singer, photographer, activist, former wife of Beatles member Paul McCartney, and member of band Wings, Linda McCartney is born

1945 – TV personality and radio host, Louis “Lou” Dobbs, is born

1946 – Pro football player, member of Pro Football Hall of Fame and man considered to be one of the greatest defensive linemen ever to play in the NFL, “Mean Joe” Greene, is born

1947 – The World Women’s Party meets for the first time since World War II

1948 – Honda Motor Company is incorporated

1953 – Secretary of State John Foster Dulles delivers a confrontational and sarcastic speech declaring that the US will not “cringe or become panicky” in the face of Soviet nuclear weapons. Although President Eisenhower had negotiated a cease-fire to stop the Korean War, the US was not backing off from its stated Cold War commitment to contain communism

1956 – The first transatlantic telephone cable system begins operation

1957 – The Brooklyn Dodgers play their last game at Ebbets Field

1957 – Federal troops are sent into Little Rock, Arkansas by President Dwight Eisenhower to protect nine black students entering its newly integrated high school

1960 – The Enterprise, the first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier, is launched

1962 – The University of Mississippi agrees to admit James Meredith as the first black university student, sparking riots

1964 – President Lyndon Johnson receives the Warren Commission report, outlining the facts pertaining to the assassination of President John F. Kennedy

1966 – Hurricane Inez hits the Caribbean coast, killing hundreds of people

1967 – In Saigon during the Vietnam War, Hue and Da Nang demonstrations are staged against the recent election of President Nguyen Van Thieu and Vice President Nguyen Cao Ky

1969 – US Army Sergeant who received Medal of Honor posthumously during Operation Iraqi Freedom, Paul Ray Smith, is born

1969 – The “Chicago Eight,” charged with conspiracy and crossing state lines with the intent to incite riot, go on trial for their part during the 1968 Democratic Party National Convention in Chicago

1970 – The Soviet Luna 16 lands, completing the first unmanned round trip to the moon

1971 – The game warden at Sensiba Wildlife Area in Wisconsin, Neil LaFeve, did not show up to his own birthday party, prompting his wife to call the police. The next morning, police found LaFeve’s headless body in a shallow grave, his severed head which had two bullet wounds in it, and two .22 caliber shells nearby. All poachers who had been previously arrested by LaFeve came under suspicion and asked to take a polygraph test. Only Agnes Hussong refused. After an interesting turn of events involving his grandmother, who essentially gave him up but then denied it, Hussong was arrested and sentenced to life in 1972

1975 – Three Days of the Condor opens in New York City starring Robert Redford

1979 – CompuServe offers one of the first online services to consumers and will dominate among internet service providers through the mid-90’s

1981 – Australian race car driver, Ryan Briscoe, is born

1988 – Canadian sprinter Ben Johnson wins gold at the Summer Olympics in Seoul, South Korea, only to test positive for steroids three days later and be stripped of his medal

1991 – Children’s author Theodor Geisel, known as Dr. Seuss, dies

1993 – Sihanouk is reinstalled as king of Cambodia

1996 – Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty is signed by representatives of 71 nations at the UN; at present, five key nations have signed but not ratified it, and three others have not signed

1996 – Author Stephen King releases two books at once-Desperation, under King’s name, and The Regulators, under his pseudonym Richard Bachman

2005 – The 4th most intense Atlantic hurricane ever recorded, Hurricane Rita, comes ashore in Texas causing extreme damage, and in Louisiana already devastated by Hurricane Katrina less than a month earlier

2009 – Long Range Acoustic Device (LRAD) aka “sonic cannon,” a non-lethal device that utilizes intense sound, is used in the US for the first time to disperse protestors at the G20 summit in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

 


Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.


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